Church of Gnostic Luminism


II. Utopianism, Anarchism and the Rainbow Nation






A Better World is Possible

An essential and honored part of the acknowledged heritage of the CHURCH OF GNOSTIC LUMINISM will be the many individuals and groups throughout history, and at the present time, who have put, or are putting, their “lives, fortune, and sacred honor” on the line to aid in the creation of a truly civilized society, as we have defined the term above, on Earth.

These movements have had widely varying beliefs, from devout religion to atheism; but they have shared an essential vision: the possibility, and the necessity, of a worldwide voluntary-cooperative society on Earth, and a worldwide economy based on mutual aid rather than competition.

In many cases, these views have placed these movements at odds with State and Church, and there have been bitter centuries of cruel persecutions, which continue to this day.

In some periods, there has been actual warfare and genocide perpetrated against the Libertarian Visionaries; and this, also, to our sorrow, continues today.

Some of the major elements of this movement have been the following:


Early Anarchists and Utopians

The vision of a society based on cooperation and liberty was elaborated in the writings of Lao Tzu (612-531 BC), the Chinese founder of Taoism; and by Aristippus (c. 400 BC) and Zeno of Citium (334-262 BC), representatives of the Greek Cynic and Stoic philosophies respectively. Pythagoras (572-479 BC) put many similar ideas into practice at his school in Crotona, as did the Essenes of Palestine in the first century BC.

The Christ of the New Testament portrays the essential anarchist vision in many of his teachings, particularly the Sermon on the Mount, the parable of the judgment in Matthew 25: 31-46, and the tales of the woman taken in adultery and the Good Samaritan.

The Gnostic-influenced Alexandrian philosopher Carpocrates founded a communitarian society in the second century CE.

In the medieval period in Europe, the utopian vision was kept alive as a secret tradition by the Knights Templar.

The renaissance period saw the emergence of the Levellers and the Diggers, proto-anarchist movements, as well as many communitarian religious movements.

The Illuminati of Bavaria, founded in the 18th century, preserved the vision of a social system based on liberty, equality and fraternity, and pledged to work toward its establishment on Earth.


Utopian Socialists and Communitarians

In 19th century Europe and America there was a widespread and popular utopian movement.

Religious communists like the Shakers, Amish, Mennonites, Doukhobors, Bruderhof, and many others, fled repression on the Continent and established colonies in the New World.

The religious communist movement reached its pinnacle with the Perfectionists and John Humphrey Noyes (1811-1886), founder of the Oneida Community in New York.

There was also a secular communitarian movement, built largely around the ideas of Claude Saint-Simon (1760-1825), Robert Owen (1771-1858), and Charles Fourier (1772-1837).

Another strand in the 19th century tapestry was the transcendentalist movement, including Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882), Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862), and Walt Whitman (1819-1892).


The Anarchists

The word “anarchy” comes from the Greek an, indicating negation, and archos, meaning rule or coercion. The anarchist vision is of a society based on voluntary cooperation rather than order imposed by the threat of force.

The philosophy of anarchism is expressed in the words of Emma Goldman:

“...all forms of government rest on violence, and are therefore wrong and harmful, as well as unnecessary.”

Proudhon says:

“To be governed is to be at every move, at every operation, at every transaction, noted, registered, enrolled, taxed, stamped, measured, numbered, assessed, licensed, authorized, admonished, forbidden, reformed, corrected, punished. It is, under pretext of public utility, and in the name of the general interest, to be placed under contribution, trained, ransomed, exploited, monopolized, extorted, squeezed, mystified, robbed; then, at the slightest resistance, the first word of complaint, to be repressed, fined, despised, harassed, tracked, abused, clubbed, choked, imprisoned, shot, machine-gunned, judged, condemned, deported, sacrificed, sold, betrayed; and, to crown all, mocked, ridiculed, outraged, dishonored. That is government; that is its justice; that is its morality.”

Anarchism has developed into several distinct schools, as roughly outlined below.

The proponents of these traditions will all be respected by the Church of Gnostic Luminism as our spiritual forebears, one branch of the Revolutionary Luminist family tree.

Despite continued persecution, the anarchist movement remains alive today; and the Church of Gnostic Luminism will attempt to support, nurture, and network with it in every possible way.

Revolutionary anarchism was expounded by










More recent names include

Paul Goodman



Murray Bookchin



Noam Chomsky.



Individualist anarchism was propounded by

Josiah Warren (1798-1874),

Max Stirner (1806-1856),

Lysander Spooner (1808-1887),

Stephen Pearl Andrews (1812-1886),

William B. Greene (1819-1878).

Ezra Heywood (1829-1893), and

Benjamin Tucker (1854-1939). 


Modern libertarians who acknowledge this tradition include

Thomas Szasz  and

David Freidman.


Labor movement anarchism is represented by the anarcho-syndicalists, and was elaborated by

Mary “Mother” Jones (1830-1930),

William D. “Big Bill” Haywood (1869-1928),

Joe Hill (1879-1914),

the Haymarket Martyrs, and

Sacco & Vanzetti.


Religious anarchism was preached by

John Humphrey Noyes (1811-1886) and

William Lloyd Garrison (1805-1879).


The 20th century anarcho-pacifist movement has roots in religious anarchist thought as well as the transcendentalism of Thoreau and Emerson; major names in this area include

Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910),

Mahatma Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948),

Dorothy Day (1897-1980), and

the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968).


The Rainbow Tribes or Woodstock Nation

The spontaneous emergence in the American Empire of a massive and overwhelming spiritual awakening of a visionary-libertarian nature was the primary event of historical significance in the 1960s.

Indeed, in the view of the Church of Gnostic Luminism, it was of comparable importance to the advents of Buddha and Christ in previous generations, or to the discoveries of Copernicus and Galileo.

Often called “the psychedelic revolution,” this movement was a culturally shared experience of expanded consciousness, and a glimpse attained by millions of a higher, truer reality than that admitted by the dominant paradigm.

Important voices that gave utterance to the ideals of this movement included:


Aldous Huxley,


Timothy Leary,


Stephen Gaskin,


Abbie Hoffman,


Jerry Rubin,


John Sinclair,


Allen Ginsburg,  


and Jerry Garcia.


As is often the case with radical spiritual movements on Earth, the Rainbow Tribes were subjected to immediate reaction and persecution from the civil and ecclesiastical powers of the day.

The psychedelic counterculture that sprang from the revelations of the 1960s was, and is still being fought by the Empire in a ruthless campaign of violent suppression amounting to virtual cultural genocide.

Yet vital remnants of the Rainbow Tribes survive underground today, as did the early Christians persecuted by Rome in the 2nd and 3rd centuries of the common era, and the Knights Templar, who were massacred en masse by Church and State in the early 14th century.



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